Nutrition

Prevent breast cancer with Omega-3

Prevent breast cancer with Omega-3

By on Oct 20, 2014 in Nutrition | 0 comments

  The numbers are a real cause for alarm: It is estimated that in Europe, 430,000 new cases of breast cancer are encountered each year. In the USA, 1 in every 8 women may develop this disease, 7% of which before reaching the age of 40. Because October is the international Breast Cancer Awareness Month, this issue simply cannot be left undiscussed, and neither can the work done by Barbells for Boobs and the communities. This universally recognised non-profit organisation dedicates itself to the early detection of breast cancer, and has united athletes from all over the world in order to raise funds to further this cause. But what if it were possible to prevent breast cancer by dietary means?     In what way can fats influence breast cancer and its prevention?   Fats are essential for good health, but their intake must be well thought out and should not be excessive. Nowadays, the typical diet is overly rich in saturated fats and Omega-6, and contains too little of Omega-3 compared to the diet on which our genetic patterns are based. In other words: Saturated fats are a major cause of obesity, high cholesterol and the development of several types of cancer. Omega-6 is synthesised by the body in inflammatory molecules, that promote coagulation and cell growth. Omega-3 however is converted by the body into DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), molecules with anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant and anti-proliferative properties. When these two fatty acids are consumed in the correct amounts, they help control the inflammatory processes in the body. As the development of cancer depends to a great extent on inflammatory processes, which are stimulated by cancer cells, it is fundamental to maintain control of these mechanisms. In order to keep the body from becoming a chronically inflammatory environment, it is important to bring the ingestion of these fatty acids into balance, by reducing the Omega-6 intake and increasing that of Omega-3.     What are the recommended amounts of Omega-3 and Omega-6?   The ideal daily intake ratios lie somewhere between 1:4 and 4:1, i.e.: 1 g of Omega-6 and 4 g o Omega-3, or 4g of Omega-6 and 1 g of Omega-3. In what nowadays is...

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Paleo Diet

Paleo Diet

By on Mar 13, 2014 in Nutrition | 2 comments

  The Caveman Diet, also known as the Paleo Diet, is one of those concepts most people have all heard of and, generally speaking, they sort of know what it consists of. Notoriously associated to High Intensity Training – the popular fitness trend – and followed by numerous people, from famous A-list celebrities, such as Megan Fox, Miley Cyrus, and Matthew McConaughey, to your next door neighbour, these days the Caveman Diet, or Paleo Diet, seems to be everywhere around us, with many people having given it a try. People who advocate this diet tout it as the best thing since sliced bread (those who defend specific diets tend to do so, don’t they?) and, at the end of the day, it seems to be pretty easy to follow. After all, cavemen did! But is this a valid nutrition program, or just another fad? Is it safe for anyone, or just recommended for some? Is it one of those diets that spread out like wildfire among celebrities, only to disappear just as quickly some time later? Let’s zoom in on this phenomenon and determine what is fact and what is fiction. By definition, the Caveman Diet, or Paleo Diet, is a nutrition program that takes us back to the food habits our ancestors had roughly 15.000 years ago, in the Palaeolithic Age. As we understand it today, these cavemen used to eat mainly vegetables, fresh fruit, meat, and fish. Essentially, they kept it simple. So, what kind of evidence do people have to say whether this is or not a good nutrition program? Well, to be fair, we can’t really say a specific diet is good or bad. The trick is to know which diet works better for each person. It is a question of suitability, since some diets will be suitable for some people, but may not be recommendable to others. When it comes to nutrition, there are no one-size-fits-all formulas, because we all have different needs.     The Caveman Diet, or Paleo Diet, is flexible enough to let each person vary the specific foods he or she consumes, but, at the same time, is based on a few guiding principles that characterize it. These principles are: High...

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